THEosteoporosis is one of the most common diseases in old age. If it affects women more often, it can also have serious consequences in men. In this article, we will focus on theosteoporosis in men.
General information on osteoporosis
Osteoporosis refers to a disease that causes a decrease in bone density. Deteriorated bones are likely to fracture with a slight fall. This condition can also lead to mechanical pain and a reduction in height due to fractures at the level of the spine.
Aging is the main cause, but there are also other risk factors such as gender, genetics, certain medical treatments and also vitamin D or calcium deficiency.
If you want to know more about osteoporosis (including manifestations, complications, diagnosis and treatment), click here.
osteoporosis in men
Although osteoporosis often affects women, this disease is also seen in men. Admittedly, osteoporosis generally occurs from the age of 50, but for men, it can also be observed in young adults.
Fullerenes risk factors for osteoporosis in men are :
- the decrease in testosterone levels linked to increasing age;
- consumption of tobacco or alcohol in excess;
- prolonged use of corticosteroids;
- the attack of chronic diseases such as polyarthritis or hemochromatosis;
- vitamin D or calcium deficiency;
- lack of physical activity or excessive practice of physical activity;
- diabetes ;
- antiandrogen therapy...
How to diagnose osteoporosis in men?
For the diagnostic approach, several examinations are necessary, namely a blood count, an electrophoresis of serum proteins, a determination of calcium and creatinine in 24-hour urine.
If the patient has hypogonadism, testosterone, SHBG (Sex hormone-binding globulin), LH (luteinizing hormone) and FSH (follicle-stimulating hormone) are measured.
For older men, PTH is measured (parathyroid hormone).
What are the treatments ?
To treat osteoporosis in men, it is necessary to determine in the first place what causes the weakening of the bones and to fight against it.
Taking a bisphosphonate can limit bone resorption. One can cite for example theActonel and Fosamax.
How to prevent osteoporosis in men?
To fight against osteoporosis, the ideal is to consume balanced foods and especially rich in calcium. This allows the bones not to lose their minerals over time.
At the same time, physical activities should also be favored to strengthen the muscles and improve posture. The more robust the body, the more the risk of falling is minimized. Also avoid tobacco and alcohol.
Osteoporosis in men is responsible for more damage than in women. The risk of death from this disease by men is higher. It is therefore important to diagnose it in time in order to take the appropriate measures. Talk to your doctor.
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