Glossary

Here is a comprehensive list of terms related to back pain, each with a mini-definition:

  1. Acupuncture : Alternative medicine technique using needles to stimulate specific points on the body.
  2. Pain relievers : Drugs used to relieve pain.
  3. Anesthesia : Use of drugs to block the sensation of pain during medical procedures.
  4. Analgesics : Another term for analgesics, used to relieve pain.
  5. Antidepressants : Drugs often used to treat chronic back pain.
  6. Anti-inflammatories : Drugs that reduce inflammation and pain.
  7. spinous process : Small bony protuberance at the back of each vertebra.
  8. Arthrodesis : Surgical fusion of two or more vertebrae to stabilize the spine.
  9. Arthrose : Wear of the cartilage between joints, often in the spine.
  10. Atlas : First cervical vertebra that supports the head.
  11. Axialgia : Pain along the central axis of the body, often in the back.
  12. Biofeedback : Stress management technique to help control pain.
  13. Bulging Disk : Swelling of an intervertebral disc, less severe than a herniated disc.
  14. Cauda Equina : Bundle of nerves located at the base of the spinal cord.
  15. cervicalgia : Pain in the cervical region or neck.
  16. chiropractic : Manual treatment focused on the alignment of the spine.
  17. Coccyx : The last segment of the spine, commonly called the tail bone.
  18. Lumbar Corset : Support device for the lower back.
  19. Corticosteroids : Anti-inflammatory drugs often injected to relieve back pain.
  20. Kyphosis : Excessive backward curvature of the spine, often in the thoracic region.
  21. Spinal Decompression : Technique to relieve pressure on the intervertebral discs.
  22. Discectomy : Surgery to remove a damaged intervertebral disc.
  23. Intervertebral Disc : Cartilaginous cushion between the vertebrae.
  24. back pain : Pain in the dorsal region or the middle of the back.
  25. Electrotherapy : Use of electric currents to treat pain.
  26. Epidural : Injection of drugs into the epidural space of the spine.
  27. Thorn in Lenoir : Abnormal bone growth on the heel, often associated with back problems.
  28. occupational therapy : Therapy focused on improving function and mobility.
  29. Kegel Exercises : Exercises to strengthen the muscles of the pelvic floor, often recommended for back problems.
  30. Facet Articular : Small joint between the vertebrae that allows movement of the spine.
  31. Fasciitis : Inflammation of the fascia, the connective tissue that surrounds the muscles.
  32. fibromyalgia : Disorder characterized by generalized muscle pain, often associated with back pain.
  33. Foraminotomy : Surgical enlargement of the opening in a vertebra where a spinal nerve exits.
  34. Herniated disc : Protrusion of an intervertebral disc which can press on the nerves.
  35. Hydrotherapy : Use of water to treat various conditions, including back pain.
  36. Hyperlordosis : Excessive forward curvature of the spine.
  37. Hypertrophy : Increase in the size of a tissue or organ, such as an intervertebral disc.
  38. Infiltration : Injection of drugs directly into a specific area to relieve pain.
  39. MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) : Medical imaging technique to visualize the internal structures of the back.
  40. Sciatica : Pain that radiates along the sciatic nerve, often caused by a herniated disc.
  41. Kinesitherapy : Physical therapy to improve mobility and function.
  42. Laminectomy : Removal of the back part of a vertebra to relieve pressure on the spinal cord or nerves.
  43. Ligament : Band of connective tissue that connects bones together.
  44. Low back pain : Pain in the lumbar region or lower back.
  45. Lumbosciatica : Pain that begins in the lower back and radiates down the leg, often caused by a herniated disc.
  46. Lordous : Forward curvature of the spine, often in the lumbar region.
  47. Lumbago : Sudden and intense pain in the lower back.
  48. Spinal Manipulation : Manual technique to adjust the alignment of the spine.
  49. Massotherapy : Using massage to relieve muscle tension and pain.
  50. Microdiscectomy : Surgical removal of a small portion of a damaged intervertebral disc.
  51. Spinal cord : Central nerve channel that passes through the spine.
  52. Myelography : Medical imaging examination to study the spinal cord and nerves.
  53. Myofascial : Relating to muscle and fascia, the connective tissue that surrounds it.
  54. Neuralgia : Severe pain along a nerve, often in the back.
  55. Sciatic nerve : Large nerve that runs from the spine to the leg.
  56. Neurosurgery : Surgery of the nervous system, including the spine.
  57. Shock Waves : Treatment using sound waves to stimulate tissue healing.
  58. Orthopedics : Branch of medicine dealing with musculoskeletal disorders.
  59. Osteopathy : Care approach centered on the manipulation of the musculoskeletal system.
  60. osteoporosis : Weakening of the bones which can affect the spine.
  61. Paralysis : Loss of ability to move, often due to spinal problems.
  62. Paraplegia : Paralysis of the legs and lower body, often caused by spinal cord injury.
  63. Epidural : Injection of drugs into the space around the spinal cord to relieve pain.
  64. Physiotherapy : Set of rehabilitation techniques to improve movement and function.
  65. Pilates : System of exercises designed to improve physical strength and flexibility.
  66. Platyspondyly : Flattening of the vertebrae, often due to osteoporosis.
  67. Disc prosthesis : Surgical implant used to replace a damaged intervertebral disc.
  68. spinal pain : General term for pain in the spine.
  69. Cervical spine : Upper part of the spine, located in the neck.
  70. Dorsal spine : Middle part of the spine, also called the thoracic spine.
  71. Lumbar spine : Lower part of the spine, located in the lower back.
  72. Radio frequency : Using electrical currents to heat a nerve and reduce pain.
  73. X-ray : Image of internal body structures, often used to diagnose back problems.
  74. Global Postural Re-education (RPG) : Physiotherapy method focused on improving posture.
  75. Reflexology : Foot or hand massage technique to relieve tension in other parts of the body.
  76. Sacroiliac : Articulation between the sacrum and the iliac bone of the pelvis.
  77. Sacrum : Triangular bone at the base of the spine.
  78. Scoliosis : Lateral deformation of the spine.
  79. Sedentary lifestyle : Lack of physical activity, often associated with back problems.
  80. Spondylitis : Inflammation of the vertebral joints.
  81. Spondylolisthesis : Slippage of one vertebra on another, often in the lumbar region.
  82. Spinal Stenosis : Narrowing of the spinal canal which can compress the spinal cord or nerves.
  83. TENS (Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation) : Use of electric currents to relieve pain.
  84. Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT) : A psychological approach to managing chronic pain.
  85. Ultrasound Therapy : Using sound waves to treat pain and promote healing.
  86. Computed tomography (CT) : A type of X-ray that creates cross-sectional images of the body.
  87. Traction : Technique to stretch the spine and relieve pressure on the discs.
  88. Trigger Points : Tender points in the muscles that can cause pain.
  89. Vertebrate : Individual bone that makes up the spine.
  90. Vertebroplasty : Injection of medical cement into a fractured vertebra to stabilize it.
  91. Yoga : Physical and mental practice that can help improve posture and relieve back pain.
  92. Zygapophyseal : Relating to the joints between the spinous processes of the vertebrae.
Back to top